Cuba is a tourist destination in the Caribean without comparison, of interest for wide sectors of the tourist market, it differs from the others for the variety of his tourist attractions: beautiful, exotic, with significant historical and cultural attractions, magnificent beaches of white arena and transparent water that they take a blue color turquoise as the color of the sky.

Cuba is the persons' hearth exceptionally friendly, exotic flora, tropical climate and a vibrant night life. If you like the Latin rhythm, of that time this is the place, the musical sauce is always listened. All this and a warm welcome do to the biggest Caribbean island a very attractive destination for million tourists every year.

The Cuban culture is only in Latin America, with a fascinating and incredible history that they do to Cuba and to his very attractive people. Cuba is a tourist destination of big popularity, nevertheless it is a slightly costly destination if we compare it with others of the Carib. It still remains little commercialized and it is undoubtedly one of the surest places of America to travel in family.

Havana City is the capital of the country. The cities of Santiago de Cuba, Holguín, Camagüey, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Ciego de Avila, Villa Clara, Bayamo and Guantánamo are also important for his economical and population development.

The education is free in all the levels as well as the materials of study. They do not exist illiterate. There are 300 000 teachers, 47 centers of higher education, 21 000 teachers and 276 000 students, although there are more than 3 million students registered in the whole national system of education. There are Universities or university faculties in all the provinces, as well as secondary, specializing education, polytechnic schools and others

The Cuban system of health is considered to be an only one in Latin America, covering the hospitable needs and of health of the whole population. The medical attention is absolutely free for all the Cuban. Cuba has the lowest valuation of infant mortality in Latin America and one of the lowest of the world: 7,9 for every born alive 1000. The life expectancy is 75.2 years of age. In Cuba there are more than 42 634 doctors (1 for every 247 inhabitants); 7 515 dentists (1 x 524 inhabitants); 120 000 nurses and auxiliary technicians; 15 142 family doctors who attend to 70 % of the Cuban population. 421 polyclinical ones and 267 hospitals.

Cuba is an archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. His principal island, acquaintance like Isla de Cuba, is the biggest of the Antilles. Also there are a part of the archipelago Isla of the Juventud (formerly so-called "Isla de Pinos") and a multitude of about 4 200 keys or small islands that make a detour to earlier mentioned. His limits are to the north with the Strait of the Florida, to this one with the Step of the Winds, on the south with the Caribbean sea and the west with the Gulf of Mexico, by which Cuba is known like the key of the Gulf of Mexico.

To travel to Cuba turns out to be simple, except for the citizens of the United States, to which the government of this country prohibits officially to travel to Cuba and for which it is a destination prohibited according to the laws of this country, except securing of a special license. The options to travel to Cuba are great: bundles to stay at tourist complexes, to travel round proper account and to stay at private houses of cuban family, to study in a Cuban university or art school, to take part in trips of help with Cuba, or to be present at a congress celebrated in the island. Anyone that is the interest of the traveler, in Cuba will always see fulfilled his targets, be already his attraction the beaches and the diving, the history of this country, the music and the dancing, the art, the sport, the religion, the politics, the architecture of his cities, or what in the majority of the cases more attract the travelers, the Cuban people.

General information of Cuba



Flag: The flag of the solitary star is the symbol of the Cuban nation. It was hoisted for the first time in 1850 in the city of Violet by a group of rebels against the Spanish crown. His equilateral red triangle, it represents the unity of the Cuban achieved by the blood spilt in his libertarian struggles. The solitary star of five tops, placed to the center of the same red triangle, it indicates the independent and sovereign character of Cuba. Three blue lists represent three departments in which there was divided the island, Occident, Center and East, and in turn, for the color, it is indicative of the altruistic aspirations of the Cuban to be free. The white stripes mean the purity and the virtue of the Cuban people.

Shield: Symbol of the nation, it describes in his integrity our homeland in any place of the world. In there is represented the geographical and political importance of Cuba by means of a key that opens the entry of the Gulf of Mexico, placed transversely between the end Saber of the Florida and the Catoche of Yucatan; the nascent sun means the young republic that arises; the lower barracks of his left side are allusive and they have equal meaning that that of the stripes of the Cuban flag, the barracks contiguous to the right hand represent a typical Cuban scenery, with the real palm like symbol of the character indoblegable of the Cuban, since this tree supports in foot the most furious gales. As support of the shield{escudo} there is a bundle of eleven poles that symbolizes the union of the Cuban in the struggle for the freedom, crowned by a frigid cap, which in his center presents the solitary star, as sample of the independent and sovereign character of the island of Cuba. His red color represents the blood spilt to achieve it. They border the shield{escudo}, to his right hand, a branch of holm oak, and to his left side, one of laurel that represent the fortress and the victory.

Motto: Homeland or Death, Veceremos!

National hymn: hymn of Bayamo

The letter and musician of the National Hymn was composed by the distinguished Cuban patriot Pedro Figueredo Cisneros, (Perucho) that in 1867 composed the music and the letter on October 20, 1868, when the forces of the Liberating Army took the city of Bayamo, has occurred into one of the most transcendental facts of the native history for what one has taken this date as the Day of the Cuban Culture. It called him in his beginnings The Bayamesa, for two fundamental reasons: as evocation to The Of Marseilles one, symbol of rebelliousness of the opressed ones and for having been born in the city of Bayamo. Of deep patriotic content, this hymn forged in the combat, has been for all the Cuban an inseparable partner to face our struggles for the national freedom and the sovereignty.

Anthem Lyrics:

To the combat run, bayameses
that bighead contemplates the homeland you!
Do not be afraid of a glorious death
that to die for the homeland is to live.

In chains to live, it is to live
in insult and reproach plunged
to the clarion listen the sound
To the brave weapon, run!

National tree: The Real Palm (Roystonea Regia. O.F.Cook), is recognized by all the Cuban as the queen of our fields, by the stateliness of his structure, his peculiar height, his fortress, and for being the most numerous of our trees, a Cuban scenery does not exist without real palm, in spite of not to be native to Cuba. It reaches generally a height between forty and fifty feet, crowned by the most beautiful tuft of sheets pinnatisectas, capably of inspiring to infinity of poets, musicians and painters, for his elegance. There is a part head office of the scenery that one finds stamped on the national shield{escudo} of the Republic.

National flower: The Butterfly (Hedychium Coronarium Koenig) that takes his name as the similar one of his petals to this beautiful lepidopterous insect, is the national flower of the Republic of Cuba. It is a white, flower beautiful and fragrant, native to Cuba, It grows in humid places like in the shores of rivers and lagoons, but it is cultivated in the courts and gardens of many Cuban houses. For his whiteness one associates to the purity of the ideal independentistas and to the peace, also presents in two stripes of the national ensign. The butterfly is also a symbol of delicacy, grace and slenderness of the Cuban woman and it was used as symbol of the insurrection during the wars of independence.

National bird: The Tocororo (Priotelus Temnurus), it is a climbing, endemic bird of Cuba, of beautiful and showy colors. His plumage reproduces the blue, red and white colors of the Cuban flag. Of indigenous name: Guatiná, the tocororo lives in the wooded places of the whole country, especially in the mountainous zones. It is the national bird of the Cuban for two fundamental reasons: for the symbolism of his beautiful plumage of alive colors and for his resistance to the captivity, which represents the emulations independentistas of the Cuban people.

Population: Cuba has a dear population of 11.382.820 inhabitants, according to the census of the year 2002, of which 50,03 % of the population is women and 49,97 % is men, with a population density of 103 inhabitants for km2. The age average of the Cuban is 35,1 years, 14,7 % of them exceeds 60 years of age. The color of the skin of 66 % of the Cuban population is white, 22 % is mulatto, 11 % is black and the 1% is Chinese.

Capital: The capital of Cuba is the Havana City, with a population of 2 201 610 inhabitants according to the census of population and housing realized in the year 2002, his coordinated geographical ones are: 23 ° 08 ' N 82 ° 23 ' Or, is the city most filled with Cuba.

Official language: Castilian{Spanish}

Form of government: Socialistic republic People's democracy

President: Raúl Castro Ruz

The first Vice-president: José Ramín Machado Ventura

Independence of Spain: On December 10, 1898

End of occupation of the USA: On May 20, 1902

I triumph over the Cuban Revolution: On January 1, 1959

Surface: the entire surface of the archipelago vat is of 110.860 km 2, with % of despicable water, to others it has 29 km from borders with the Naval Base of the United States in Guantánamo.

GDP

. Whole (2006): US$ 45.510 millions
. GDP per c√°pita: US$ 4.000

IDH (2007): 0.838 - high place

Money:

Cuban Pesos(CUP)

Cuban convertible Pesos (CUC)

National: Cuban (a)

Time zone: UTC - 5

. in summer: UTC - 4

Internet domain: .cu

Telephone prefix: +53

Wireless prefix: CLA-CMZ / T4A-T4Z / COA-KICK

Code ISO: 192 / CUB / CU