Unlike many other Latin styles such as Rumba or the Son, it is not easy to determine the exact place and time of origin of the Salsa, which began as a physical expression of the music and people of Latin America and the need for the same to express their own cultural identity.
The roots of Salsa date back to the sixteenth century, a time when Cuba became the meeting place of two completely different cultures: on the one hand the slaves blacks with their heavily rhythmic dances, their songs and their religious rites and drums often censored by White, on the other colonists of Europe with their dances aristocrats, Catholicism, stringed instruments wind instruments and the Spanish language.
In 700 the rebellion of black slaves in Haiti pushes the French aristocrats to leave the island and across the sea that separates them from Cuba is the typical dance of the aristocracy Controdanza, which interpreted by the slaves with the help of the drums gives rise to the first rhythm that represents the synthesis of the two cultures: Danzon. We can therefore say that, in its earliest form, the Salsa was born in Cuba around the beginning of the twentieth century, and is the result of the merger between the musical traditions of the peoples who colonized the island and the rhythms of Cubans of African descent.
Initially named by many different names such as "Ritmo Afro Antilliano", "Afro-Cuban Mambo", "Nuevo rhythm" and even confused with the Rumba and then called "Guaguancó" Salsa can be defined as a direct descendant of the Son music Cuban, from which originated the music known as "Guaracha" and other genres such as Mambo.
The Son was danced mainly in the rich neighborhoods Habana, while in the poor suburbs of Matanzas, inhabited mainly by people of African origin, the Rumba was the predominant type of music and dance. Just from the fact Rumba Salsa take the rhythms and percussion that will enrich the musical base.
At the beginning of the 900 are witnessing a veritable exodus from the island of Cuba to the States. This event will promote the export of the Son in America and its proliferation in the "Barrio in New York," where the Latino community coined the term "Boogaloo" later transformed into "SALSA" to give a name and an identity to a new type music based on the contamination of the Afro-Cuban rhythms with all kinds then in vogue in the United States (Jazz, Swing, Rock & Roll, Merengue, Bossanova, Cumbia, Cha Cha Cha, Mambo and Boogie-Woogie).
"Echale semilla a la maraca pa 'que suene CHACUCHA CUCHUCUCHA Cucha"
For several years the alleged paternity American Academy of Salsa favor the export of this product all over the world, while at the same, although the similarities were undeniable musical, Cuba exports the "Cuban music" but is not initially identified as Salsa.
Only in the 70s will shed light on the origin of Salsa and thus assist in marketing phenomena of the marks and names for which artists such as Celia Cruz, known as the "Queen of Guaracha" suddenly becomes the "Queen of Salsa" without having done any type of change to their songs.
Finally, identified as "Salsa" the Latin-American music that responds to the structure: introduction, melodic phase, phase rhythmic, melodic and final phase. So the word "Salsa" incorporated a wide range of compositions and Latin was the fortunes of many orchestras, which saw insert out of the blue in a popular phenomenon that was exported all over the world.
La Salsa is present today in a wide variety of versions (Cubana, NY, LA, Puerto Rican), but whether it is the original Cuban dance, Romantic (80) or one of the many changes resulting from the meeting with South American rhythms or metropolitan culture, the Salsa is a real source of enjoyment for fans of Latin American dances and an important source of unity between different worlds and cultures. "Salsa" means precisely mixture, union, fusion of many different musical genres and their cultures in a unique art product, whose key features are the danceable rhythms and accents of music marked by the Clave.
Casas en la zona
- Ever wondered where does salsa come from?